The ocean is one of the valuable natural resources providing one of the most fundamental value of food to humans from its diverse resources of Fishes, Dolphins, Whales, Squids, Corals, Salts and Seaweed.
The Marine ecosystem provides the much needed safety net in terms of food security to humans, especially the rural coastal community who rely on the resources for daily life-line. Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor are rural poor, who depend directly on natural systems for their livelihood.
Growing numbers of people are diagnosed with under malnutrition and diseases. This is due in some parts to consumptions of nutritionally poor food. The consumption of fishes and sea foods are however an important source of micronutrients and proteins, providing about 16% of the world’s Total.
A key component of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) strategic objective is to help eliminate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. Marine resources can tackle these trio in one fell-swoop. The coastal communities and indeed the world rely on fishes for food and economic sustenance.
Fish has become a commonplace in the diets of different cultures around the world and a lot of economic activities from arterial fisheries to industrial fishing rely on these resources. Given this heavy reliance, it has become pertinent, imperative and important to protect and preserve marine ecosystems in the world’s oceans and seas.
Ecosystem management strategies that is geared towards improving knowledge about ecosystem functioning and management on methods of fish harvest should be deployed; and this will result in better understanding of resilience, sustainable harvesting, food security, improved nutrition and tackle hunger especially among the world’s poor.
Izabella Koziell, Jacqueline Saunders (2001): Living Off Biodiversity: Exploring livelihoods and biodiversity issues in the natural resources management. ISBN/ISSN:ISBN 978-1-899825-67-7 . (269 pages (Book/Report).
Johan Groenevld- Summary of food security from marine Resources. 2015. World watch list for domestic animal diversity.
BEATE D. SCHERF (Ed): WORLD WATCH LIST for domestic animal diversity. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. Rome, October 2000
H. Heywood, Global Biodiversity Assessment. (1995), Cambridge University Press (Featured Image Source)
MARINE RESOURCES AND FOOD SECURITY
Posted on July 8, 2016 by Felix Olusola Abayomi